I work through the following steps with parents who consult with me about having difficult discussions with
1. Take time to reflect on your feelings, fears, values/beliefs, and hopes for what you want to teach your children. Rehearse what you’d like to say about a particular topic.
2. Practice listening more and lecturing less in discussions. Resist the urge to share your opinion, unsolicited advice, or experience before your child has had an opportunity to ask the question or share the insight they want to share with you. Once your child approaches adolescence, it becomes increasingly important to ask, "Would you like to know my opinion or hear my advice?"
3. Trust your and your kids’ ability, resilience, and inner wisdom to deal with tough questions and life's tough times. Model the emotional, social, moral, and intellectual courage to talk about the tough stuff. Your children will learn that you are approachable and not afraid to ask the tough questions. Together you can become brave enough to seek the answers to some of life's mysteries.
4. Start early and stay connected with and involved in your kids’ lives. Don’t assume what they know or wait for your children to initiate discussions, ask.
5. Seek out support groups, friendships, counselors, parenting coaches, or educational resources for guidance and support in difficult times and for difficult conversations, if needed.
6. Create safety and safe times to talk. It’s okay to take a deep breath and some time before responding. Just make sure to get back to your child in a timely manner with your response.
7. Be patient and prepared to talk about difficult things again and again, especially with young children. Be curious about the question behind their questions. For example, perhaps they ask repeatedly what will happen after the divorce because they want to know they will always be taken care of and loved. Or perhaps they just want to know in whose house their guinea pig will live.
8. Continue the conversation through play/art/music and everyday teachable moments. Play and the creative arts are powerful ways for a child to express and process what they are learning, observing, and/or struggling with in life. Play and art offer tools of self-expression that are not reliant on a expansive vocabulary or the kind of cognition more commonly associated with adulthood.